On an annual basis, comparing the latest four quarters to the previous four quarters, manufactured exports fell by 0.8%.
Over that period, food and drink grew by 2.3%, but there were declines in other sectors such as wood, paper, publishing and printing, and metals and metal products.
Finance Secretary John Swinney said: "The food and drink sector is performing extremely well and it is clear that many countries have developed a taste for Scottish goods.
"Our excellent natural larder guarantees some of the best produce in the world and this reputation for quality is paying dividends. There are exciting opportunities to seize in emerging economies in Asia, South America, the Middle East, Africa and Eastern Europe, and also in traditional areas such as US and Europe.
"Improving our access and dialogue with international growth markets will open up Scottish exports to new customers and build on Scotland's attractiveness as a place for international trade and investment."