The Centenary Memorials Restoration Fund is open for applications now with funding available over the course of the four-year centenary commemorations, from 2014 through to 2018.
Details of the fund were disclosed by the First Minister during a visit to the Fyvie war memorial in Aberdeenshire.
"The events in 2014 to mark the anniversary of the outbreak of the Great War will not be a celebration in Scotland, but a commemoration of the servicemen and women who paid the ultimate price in defence of our country," Mr Salmond said.
"Scotland's war memorials, from the magnificent to the more modest, pay tribute to those fallen and will be an important part of the commemorations in communities the length and breadth of Scotland during 2014.
"The Fyvie memorial is maintained beautifully but there are some in Scotland in need of upgrade to get them up to standard for the commemorations. That is why I am delighted to announce the launch of the Centenary Memorials Restoration Fund which will offer grants to those who care for these important monuments for works to be carried out."